DIGITIZATION AND HEALTH
influences our health. With it, numerous possibilities emerge, but also many
questions arise. In this module you will learn how digitization helps you stay
healthy and how illnesses can be treated by digital means.
Instructions: How to work with this module
Do you plan a workshop? Here you can find ideas for a 25-minute, 45-minute and 90-minute workshop.
Sarah’s (25) health has always been important to her. However, her new
job leaves her little time for sports and healthy nutrition. That is why she
downloaded a few health apps. With just a few clicks she can enter her data
into these apps. This helps her keep track of her lifestyle even in stressful
Mike (42) lives in a small town. One morning he discovers a strange
looking mole on his left upper arm. He would like to have it checked by a
doctor, but the closest dermatologist is 40 kilometers away. That is why he
visits Dr. Reichert's video consultation hour and uses a webcam to show him the
Michael (68) is on his way to the hospital. He is going to have a hip
operation. What he finds there seems almost unthinkable: An operating room
without a doctor. A robot that has been programmed especially for hip
operations carries out his operation.
DIGITAL HEALTH REVOLUTION
Scenarios like these make it clear: Our healthcare is changing and is
being enhanced by the new possibilities that come with digitization. Health
apps and applications are particularly popular. Almost every second person uses
one on their smartphone. In the following chapter you will learn more about gadgets and applications for
FINTESS WRISTBANDS AS HEALTHCARE-GUARDs
They count your steps, measure your heart rate, calculate your calorie consumption and record your sleep. The American researcher Michael Snyder started an experiment. He allowed himself to be continuously monitored over several years by seven different fitness wristbands. They recorded more than 250,000 pieces of data from him every day. One day he noticed an unusually high heart rate. He went to the doctor’s to be examined. The doctor diagnosed Lyme disease. The fitness wristband actually contributed to a quick detection of the disease. Snyder was treated at an early stage and is convinced: “People still monitor their cars more than their own bodies. But someday, that is going to change.”
AN APP AS OBSTETRICIAN IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Birth mortality is high in developing countries such as Papua New Guinea. Many houses there are cut off from the road system by the mountain ranges, the so-called “Highlands”. The trip to a hospital for a birth takes much too long. Mothers are often only supported by volunteer midwives who have not received any training and know far too little about how a baby is born. In the case of complications, women and children often have no chance. Scientists from the University of Osnabrück and the Midwifery Schools have now developed an app that supports midwives in Papua New Guinea - the mobile network in Papua New Guinea is well developed.
THE DIGITAL PATIENT
ever googled your aches and pains? Have you ever attended a virtual doctor’s
consultation? Do you sometimes wonder which pieces of your data will be stored
on the digital health card? Come with us on the following pages and visit one
of the best known doctors - “Dr. Google”. Join us for a virtual doctor’s
consultation and find out what information digital health cards contain.
A CONSULTATION WITH DR. GOOGLE
Do you know a doctor whose office is open 24 hours a day? Surely you have been to see him before: We are talking about Dr. Google. Millions of people trust him with their symptoms. Try to guess which symptoms people google the most.
to the doctor's office and hours in the waiting room could soon be a thing of
the past. More and more doctors are offering digital consultation hours. No
diagnoses are made during these consultation hours. They can be seen as an
initial consultation and do not replace a visit to the doctor.
READ THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLE!THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH INSURANCE CARD
Mr. Wagner (57) becomes unconscious. Apart from his electronic health insurance
card (also known as a digital health card) and his identity card, the German lawyer carries
nothing with him. He is taken by an ambulance to the nearest hospital and
treated locally by doctors.
Find out on the next page how the electronic health card and the data stored on it can help Mr. Wagner in the hospital.
THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH INSURANCE CARD
1st, 2015, the electronic health card replaced the classic health insurance
card. It serves as proof of insurance. In addition to the holder’s name and
date of birth, the electronic health card also contains a photo of the insured
person, for example. Today, everyone with statutory health insurance coverage
uses the electronic health card. If you do not have one yet, you should ask your
health insurance company for it. Scroll down to see which data is stored on the
electronic health card.
PROTECTING YOUR HEALTH DATA
electronic health card information falls into the wrong hands? What happens if
your employer or a life insurance company representative has access to your
is needed to prevent the misuse of your health data. An important step is the German “Statute for Secure Digital Communication and Applications in the Health Sector”
(short form: “E-Health Law”) In addition to the introduction of video
consultation hours, the law also provides for electronic access to
patient-related data (such as medication plans and emergency data) in the
THE FUTURE OF DIGITAL HEALTHCARE
the future of digital healthcare look like? Digital technologies such as
augmented and virtual reality, operating robots or 3-D printing will change
healthcare. See the following chapter to see what medical progress we can
“POKÉMON GO” IN THE OPERATING ROOM
In games such as “POKÉMON GO”, augmented reality (AR) or virtual reality (VR) is used to create the most realistic gaming experiences possible. AR offers great potential, especially in medicine. With the help of data glasses, a doctor can constantly keep an eye on the patient during an operation. All necessary data such as x-rays is displayed on the screen in the glasses. They augment the reality in the operating room and thus, support the doctor.
sounds too good to be true. A fully functional organ, manufactured by a machine
- the 3-D printer. Dental crowns, hearing aids and even arm or leg prostheses
are already produced by 3-D printers. Substances such as titanium, plastics or
ceramics are fused layer by layer using lasers or infrared light. However, it
will take some time before organs can actually be produced in this way.
OPERATION VIA VIDEO CHAT
need a complicated operation that only a few surgeons in the world can perform.
What if you do not have to travel thousands of kilometers, but only go to the
nearest hospital? This is already possible today with the aid of operating
robots. The robots are remote controlled by surgeons. The first transatlantic
operation of this kind took place in 2001. New York surgeons operated on a
patient in France.
where your digital health trip ends. In this module you learned a lot about the
digitization of the health care system. Even if the gadgets and applications
presented here cannot replace a visit to the doctor - they can help you get fit
and become healthier in your everyday life. With that in mind: Stay
You can download further information here!